FY 2014 Federal Budget Proposal

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Executive Summary

The attached Budget Proposal reflects a review of, and recommendation for FY 2014, the 1,241 programs listed in the President's 2012 Federal Budget Proposal. It includes proposals for Budget Reform, Entitlement Reform, Spending Reform and Tax Reform.

The last two Budget Proposals made by President Obama have failed to obtain a single supporting vote in the House of Representatives or the Senate. If this Proposal is submitted to a vote in Congress, it could hardly do worse.

Specific features:
  1. The Budget is balanced in the year after implementation.
  2. The Budget provides for $2.5 trillion in direct consumer/business stimulus in the first year.
  3. The Budget stabilizes Social Security.
  4. The Budget gives States back control over their land and citizens.
  5. The Budget reduces the Federal Debt every year after implementation until fully repaid in 2030.
I hope you will give this Proposal serious consideration.


By law the President of the United States must present to Congress his Budget Proposal in the first week of February each year. Like previous years, President Obama will be late again this year.

Over the last three years the Congress and Administration have managed to spend in excess of $12 trillion dollars, 1) without a budget plan and, 2) while adding over $4 trillion to the National Debt.

The President’s Budget forecast expects GDP to grow much faster over the next 5 years than it has over the last 5 years: 23.46% vs 6.63%. If his spending projections over the next 5 years remain and the GDP only grows as fast as it has, then his future spending will hit 34.69% of GDP.

Budget Reform

The Federal Budget is separated into two parts:
Authorities: Those departments and activities specifically authorized by the Constitution, and;

Discretionary: Those that have become part of the expected activities of the government but not considered as such by the Founders.
The President's 2012 Budget Proposal allocated $4.79 trillion in spending, over $1 trillion more than the $3.796T the President claimed and the press dutifully reported.

Spending Reform

Using current spending as a baseline and adjusted using three factors: 1) if it has substantially diverged from previous spending levels with no apparent change in responsibilities I returned it to previous levels; 2) if a function had management or supervision responsibilities over programs that were being otherwise cut, I reduced that budget by an approximation of potential savings; 3) if I reduced the responsibilities or scope of the program, the budget allocation was reduced by an amount I considered reasonable.

Future spending growth is limited to projected population growth plus minimal inflation: 1.899%
Each program must justify it's entire budget each year.

Entitlement Reform

Entitlement spending is, and has been, rising much faster than inflation for years. With boomers retiring and the economy stagnating the problems with entitlements are just getting worse.

Fastest growing part of the Federal Budget and the least in control (Obamacare will not change but accelerate this), the current debate is whether the government should be paying for lifestyle choices.
Hospitalization Program
Right now, hospitals are functioning on 54% of the revenues they bill. By offering the following and managing a 75% consumer participation rate, hospital systems would receive approximately the same revenue as their average expenses.
  • On average, each adult pays $140.39 and each child pays $46.80 per month (varies from state to state – See Appendix B).
  • Premium payment is made to the hospital of the adults choice and could vary from hospital to hospital (allowing for competition).
  • All hospital care, either outpatient or inpatient is covered 100% for plan members.
  • Hospitals establish a fixed daily cost for non-plan patients (same for inpatient or outpatient).
The Plan includes a Medicaid grant from the Federal Government set at 25% of the 2010 total expenses for each hospital.

Provider Plan
Like to the Hospitalization plan, doctors and other general health service providers could begin offering a similar plan to their patients. The cost might be as low as $7.25 per month per person.

Combined The Program and Plan create incentives for people to participate, for hospitals to manage costs and focus on patient retention and for both parties to manage health care. Consumers have the ability to change hospitals and doctors that fail to live up to their standards or who don’t manage costs well.

We don’t have insurance for oil changes, or replacing tires, bulbs, filters or painting the siding. We maintain our homes and autos, provide the fuel and energy needed to run them. We have car (and homeowners) insurance to protect us from the rare events that cause their destruction or loss.

Social Security
Sold as a safety net or supplement to retirement plans, Social Security has become THE retirement plan of millions. The only problem was there was no ‘fund’, no lockbox, no account somewhere with all the social security taxes on deposit.

A number of suggestions have been made, but they all leave the program in place and make three recommendations. Timing and rates vary, but the specifics are:
  • Increase the age at which benefits are paid out;
  • Increase the income cap (or eliminate it) so that more income is taxed;
  • Raise taxes.
Third Rail Plan
  • Everyone 50 and older: no change in the payout system with the current retirement ages remaining.
  • Those 36 to 49: A prorated payout at retirement.
  • Those 35 and younger receive no benefits.

And what of the tax rate? Zero. For everyone. No more social security taxes paid by the taxpayer or their employer. We allocate $1.67 trillion per year from the general revenues into a Fund that pays out benefits as needed.

Third Rail Fund
Until needed the funds are to be apportioned to each of the 50 states. The funds are provided to State-Chartered Banks or Savings and Loans that were chartered or established by and operate within the state.

The funds can only be loaned out on a one for one basis. The loans can only be for primary residence first mortgages. They can only be made for 75% loan to value, to a maximum of four times the median state income and they must be made at fixed 5% interest. The institution must service the loan, it can not be placed with another institution, sold to or managed by any agency other than the originating lender. The loans must be made to residents of the state the funds were provided to.

The institutions must pay 4.25% of the 5% interest to the United States Treasury. The remaining .75% is for the institution to service the loan and profit. The Third Rail interest earnings can be used for only one purpose: paying down the principle of the National Debt.

Tax Reform

Tax Holiday/Stimulus
On January 1st of the first year: All federal tax collections cease for one year. Consumers would have almost $2 trillion extra to spend and employers would have almost $500 billion for hiring, purchases and investments.

The budget has two components, each will have its own revenue model to support it.
Authorities Revenue Plan
The Federal Government will assess each state based on an annual census, the following annual amounts:
  • $7.50 per acre of land within the state’s border multiplied by the population density of the State;
  • $.10 per square foot of capital improvements within the State;
  • $15 per person residing within the State.
Discretionary Revenue Plan
  • A flat tax of 17% on all wage earnings and proprietor income;
  • Interest, dividends and capital gains are taxed at 17%;
  • A national sales tax of 7.30% on all retail sales except food.
Income Tax
There are no deductions from income prior to the tax, however, each person that earns wages will be able to take a $1,750 tax credit. This effectively exempts the first $10,295 worth of each worker’s income. If you receive all your income from interest, dividends and capital gains, you would not receive the tax credit. There would be no business income tax, no social security or medicare taxes, no estate taxes and it eliminates excise taxes.

Tax returns would be one-page and take home wages should go up noticeably.

Policy Changes

The Federal Government is not a bank or the lender of last resort.

Inspector General
All departmental Inspector General positions eliminated. As Attorney General Holder has proven, even the Justice Department IG is susceptible to political whims, but there is no reason to have 18 IGs doing basically the same job. An IG in the Special Counsel's Office of the Justice Department will provide services.

Working Capital Funds
As the WCF grows it creates a bureaucracy within itself that mimics the problem it was intended to solve and it hides the actual cost of individual programs. The accounts are eliminated.

Associated with WCFs is the idea that Departments within the government pay market rates to the government agencies that provide them services paid for either directly or though the WCFs. If the government is going to mandate that 'market rates' be charged for government to government services, then the markets should be free to compete for the business of providing the services.

Military Deployments
If it is time for the United States to grow up, so is it time for everyone else to step up. Withdraw all military from deployments except from the following:
  • Afghanistan: There is a timetable, keep it or move it up.
  • Diego Garcia: A forward supply point for the Asian sub-continent, Eastern Africa, the Middle East and Western Asia.
  • Thule Greenland: A major defensive alert and supply base for European operations
  • Okinawa Japan: The staging point for any Asia conflict
  • Guam: More and more a place to reduce overcrowding in Okinawa (and to ease tensions there)
Many military installations overseas provide significant economic impact on surrounding communities, economic impact that is better delivered to communities surrounding bases in the United States.

Public Policy

Allow the bankruptcy court to modify first mortgages the same way they modify other loans.

All three parties to a student loan were at fault in creating such a situation: The colleges for tuition increases far beyond inflation or benefit; the lenders for not considering the earning potential of students that accomplish a degree; the students for living and learning on debt that bore no relationship to their future incomes. Allow student loans to be discharged in the managed and supervised process of the bankruptcy court.


Leaving Medicare and Social Security the way they are now and keeping the rest of the cuts proposed would reduce the deficit, but the long term outlook remains bleak for those programs. And given the nature of the situation this Plan is addressing, NOT changing these programs would be considered a major failure of leadership.

With the budget, spending and entitlement reforms proposed, the FY 2014 Plan

2012 Budget vs FY 2014 Proposed Plan (000s)
  2012 Obama Budget FY 2014 Plan Reduction
Legislative Branch 5,198,000 3,652,718 29.7%
Judicial Branch 7,740,000 5,707,000 26.3%
Executive Branch 4,780,439,000 3,436,875,452 28.1%
Total 4,793,377,000 3,446,235,170 28.1%

Respectfully submitted,
Tracy C. Coyle

Talking Points

Budget Reform

1. The Federal Budget has two types of programs, those that are authorized under the Constitution and those that have been authorized by the People's representatives in Congress in response to cries to 'do something'. I classify the first as Authorities and the later as Discretionary.

2. Programs currently within the Authorities side may in fact exceed the Constitutional mandate but some argument COULD be made for them: the Air Force is one such program.

3. Departmental Inspector General programs are terminated. A single Federal Government IG will be managed by the Department of Justice Office of the Special Counsel.

4. Programs currently with the Discretionary side may in fact be necessary for a functional society: nuclear waste disposal programs are one type of such programs.

5. A significant number of 'independent agencies' has grown within the Discretionary side that belong supervised within Authorities. Independent is not a description of a program paid for and managed by the Federal Government.

6. Entitlement programs, which I broadly define as payments or services provided by the Federal Government to individuals either directly or indirectly are all Discretionary programs.

7. Programs that benefit a single state or several closely associated states should be paid for and managed by the state or group of states: the hydro-electric utility services of the West and Pacific Northwest are examples. The Tennessee Valley Authority is another.

8. Budgets are a necessary guide for the management and spending of taxpayer monies. No government program or service should be allowed to function without a written and signed Federal Budget prior to the beginning of the Fiscal Year.

Entitlement Reform

1. Housing programs are terminated. If a state needs or wants to provide housing or housing assistance it can do so.

2. Food programs are to be phased out. Only Food Stamps and Child Nutrition programs remain and only for two budget cycles.

3. Medical programs are eliminated and a single annual block grant is provided to the states for assistance to elderly and chronically ill citizens.

4. Social Security presents a separate issue due to the long term planning many people did based on it's presence. Keeping faith with that promise is necessary:
1. A single payment is made from the general revenues to fund the Third Rail Plan:
1. Funds are disbursed as originally planned for those 50 and older;
2. Funds are disbursed on a pro-rated basis for those 35 to 49 upon reaching 65;
3. No funds are allocated or disbursed to those 34 and younger.
2. Funds in excess of expenses are retained in a Third Rail Fund until needed after 2031:
1. Third Rail Funds are allocated to each of the 50 states based on the percentage of 35 to 64 year olds in the state;
2. Third Rail Funds are for the purpose of mortgage lending to residents of the states where the funds are allocated:
1. For first mortgages on primary residences;
2. Loan to value can not exceed 75%;
3. Maximum loan amount is four times state median income;
4. For a maximum of 20 years;
5. For an interest rate of 5%;
6. Loans must be serviced by the lender only;
7. Principle returned can be reloaned with contracts terminating prior to 2043;
8. 4.25% of the 5% interest is returned to the Federal Government for National Debt reduction.
3. It is expected that loans will be primarily made to refinance existing Federal Government Agency owned/managed loans. Principle write-downs are anticipated.
3. Any annual cost of living or other inflationary increase in payout amounts must be matched by and similar percentage increase in the annual payment made from general revenues.
4. Social security will self-terminate as the last survivor dies sometime around 2080. Any remaining funds are returned to general revenues.

Spending Reform

1. Every program must renew it's justification for all allocated spending annually.
2. It is estimated that no program will need funds for continuing activities greater than the growth rate in population and a minimal inflation rate of 1% or less. Therefore spending is not expected to increase annually greater than 1.899% per year for programs retained and continued.
3. Working capital funds are terminated.
4. The use of Funds as a funding mechanism is terminated:
1. Funds associated with terminated programs are sold to state agencies or private non-profit programs;
2. Funds associated with retained programs will be used to fund the retained programs until the Fund is depleted. Future funding will come from general revenue spending;
3. Terminated funds not sold will be 'zeroed out'.

Tax Reform

1. The Authorities and Discretionary components of the Federal Budget will each have it's own taxation/funding mechanism:
1. Authorities programs will be funded by an assessment on each State based on:
1. $15 per person that resides within the state;
2. $7.50 per acre within state boundaries:
1. Federal and Tribal lands are excluded:
1. Federal lands not necessary for support of National Parks, Monuments, Cemetaries and military needs should be returned to state control as soon as practical;
2. Federal conservation lands are returned to the States for management/control.
2. Waters fulling within a State border are considered state acreage;
3. Waters shared by two or more states are split along existing borders;
4. Territorial waters are not included;
5. Acreage is multiplied by the average state population density per acre.
3. $.10 per square foot of capital improvements used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes:
1. Non-profit space is included;
2. Capital improvements for religious purposes are included.
4. Assessments are paid in monthly installments;
5. States can collect the assessment amounts in whatever manner their citizens approve.
2. Discretionary programs will be funded by a combination of income tax and national sales tax until such time as Discretionary programs are no longer in the Federal Budget:
1. A Flat Income tax of 17% is applied to:
1. All wage earnings:
1. All earners of wages will receive a $1,750 tax credit;
2. All proprietor earnings:
1. All proprietor will receive a $1,750 tax credit.
2. All interest, dividend, capital gains.
2. A national retail sales tax of 7.3% will be applied to all non-food retail purchases;
3. Upon repayment of the Federal Debt:
1. The national retail sales tax will be terminated;
2. The flat income tax rate will be reduced to 12%.
2. All federal taxes including income (personal and business), excise, premiums and program taxes are terminated as of January 1st the year after passage (called a Tax Holiday Year);
3. The Assessment, Flat Tax and National Retail Sales Tax will begin January 1st of the 2nd year after passage;
4. 75% of any annual surplus in revenues will be applied to the National Debt until paid:
1. Once the National Debt is paid, these funds and interest earnings from the Third Rail Fund will be returned to citizens in the form of a rebate check at the end of each calendar year.
5. 25% of any annual surplus in revenues will be carried over into the next revenue year;
6. Fees for programs such as Park Fees, Survey Fees and licensing fees will continue:
1. For all retained programs;
2. During the Tax Holiday year.
7. Except as noted above, no assessment rate, income tax rate or retail tax rate can be changed except:
1. By ¾ majorities in both House and Senate;
2. Implemented during the current seated Congress (after the next elections).

Government Reform

1. Federal employee retirement programs are converted from Defined Benefit to Defined Contribution programs (401k type):
1. Vested employees will have 401k type programs vested with funds from existing Retirement Funds;
2. Non-vested employees will have 401k type programs offered;
3. The Federal Government will not provide any matching amounts;
4. Medical benefits of retirement programs are terminated.
2. Federal Government mandates are terminated:
1. Current unfunded mandates are recinded;
2. Current funded mandates are terminated and funding terminated;
3. Government advisory programs can be established with previous enforcement departments: No Child Left Behind mandates can be converted to 'Best Practices Research Programs'.
3. With the exceptions note above, all Federal Government spending will be for Federal Government employees and programs. Any program to be managed by the State will be funded by the State.
4. Any new proposed program:
1. Must be approved by 2/3 majorities in both House and Senate;
2. Must be an Authorities managed/funded program.

Foreign Policy Reform

1. All foreign aid programs to groups, organizations and non-allied countries is terminated.
2. Terminate participation in world organizations:
1. World Bank;
2. World Monetary Fund;
3. United Nations;
4. NATO.
3. Foreign Aid is limited to allies for specific programs associated with their national defense, specifically:
1. Israel;
2. Japan;
3. Korea;
4. Taiwan.
4. Aid programs require annual approval and can not be for recurrent events.
5. Food and health aid are to be by donation only – no monetary support for purchases by foreign entities.

Military Deployments

1. Military bases outside the continental United States and it's territories are to be closed and all functions returned to bases within the continental US with the following exceptions:
1. Thule Greenland;
2. Diego Garcia;
3. Okinawa Japan;
4. Early warning stations/facilities with minimal personnel presence;
5. Joint staging with:
1. England;
2. Australia.
2. Afghanistan is to be drawn down as planned.

Policy Initiatives

1. Bankruptcy Reform: Make student loans and first mortgage liens modifiable under Bankruptcy supervision.
2. Federal Lending: Terminate all federal lending programs such as student loans and residential mortgages.